With oil prices falling to a four-year low, the development of two frontier basins in northwest Europe, the Barents Sea and the West of Shetland (WoS), is likely to be postponed and further progress will require cost reductions, according to an analyst with research and consulting firm GlobalData.
Both Chevron and Statoil, operators of the WoS Rosebank and Barents Sea Johan Castberg fields, respectively, are continuing to delay their Final Investment Decisions (FIDs) for the projects, which have 240 and 545 million barrels of oil equivalent of recoverable reserves, respectively.
Matthew Ingham, GlobalData’s Upstream Analyst covering Europe, states that the sanction of these projects is crucial to permitting the construction of much-needed infrastructure that will provide an export route for the region’s hydrocarbons, of which there are thought to be vast reserves.
Ingham says: “The implications of plummeting oil prices will be felt most heavily by the UK and Norway’s governments, highlighting the ripple effect of petroleum production on state tax revenues.
“Although Rosebank is currently the only UK field to qualify for the large deepwater oil field allowance, further fiscal allowances may be required for the project to go ahead. As such, it would not be surprising to see further delays in the FID for Rosebank and Johan Castberg to 2016.”
Despite this, the analyst notes that oil price volatility is expected to stabilize in the medium-to-long term and the development of the two projects is anticipated to begin, providing there are cost reductions and near field discoveries made in both projects.
Ingham continues: “The latest estimates put total development capital expenditure for Rosebank at $9.68 billion, but cost reductions of around 30% are required for the project to become economically viable. Assuming these reductions can be achieved and the project sanctioned, production seems likely to come on-stream in 2021, three years later than previously anticipated.
“For the Barents Sea project to progress, oil prices must return to levels of around $110 per barrel, if no tax allowances are forthcoming from the Norwegian government, to achieve a full-cycle net present value of $318 million and an internal rate of return of 11.1%. Assuming that Johan Castberg is sanctioned in 2015, Statoil will aim to commence production in 2020, two years behind schedule.”